An International Peace Park

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waterton  001It’s fitting that our last stop in Canada, where we’ve met so many kind people, was at Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. Waterton Lakes National Park was established in 1895 and Glacier National Park was established in 1910. The parks shared the International Boundary between Canada and the United States and in 1932 the two governments linked them as an International Peace Park, the world’s first.

waterton  024The peace park is a symbol of peace and goodwill between the United States and Canada.  And both parks were designated as Biosphere Reserves in the 1970s and as a World Heritage Site in 1995.waterton  019

I wasn’t aware of the concept of International Peace Parks.  Their concept of shared management includes protecting the water, plants and animals in the parks, supporting each other in emergency responses such as wildfire suppression and search and rescue, and cooperating on research.

Waterton Lakes National Park is also known as “where the mountains meet the prairies” and it offers a combination of terrain that is found in no other national park in Canada. We realized just how different this park was as we left the mountains behind at Jasper and Banff National Parks and found ourselves driving through beautiful open fields that reached the mountains again at Waterton Lakes.

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Still, when compared to Banff and Jasper, Waterton Lakes is a small park and much less known. But it’s also known for more wildlife sightings. Possibly because of the quiet nature of the place.

waterton  015waterton  018Waterton Village is compact but lovely and has quite a few nice restaurants and shops. On one side of town, overlooking Waterton Lake, sits the picturesque Prince of Wales Hotel.  The hotel was built in 1927 in the style of a Swiss chalet. The beautiful Cameron Falls frames the other side of town. waterton  056

waterton  052waterton  051There was a classic car show in Waterton with beautiful cars in and around town, looking very much like they belonged there.

In fact the town has an antique gas station that still sells gas but also rents bikes and provides various services for  visitors.waterton  046

We didn’t attend the classic car show, but enjoyed seeing a lot of the antique beauties, including a gorgeous classic car towing a matching antique trailer.

waterton  017Weather continued to be cloudy with some rain and temperatures in the 50s and 60s and one sunny day in the forecast.waterton  036

Ours was a short visit and our first evening was rainy so we went for a short drive. And immediately spotted a black bear with two cubs by the river on the side of the road. They climbed over a hill and we drove over to the other side of the hill and found them again. They were quite adorable and clearly on a mission heading somewhere very specific.waterton  004

Because of the weather forecast, we planned a flexible combination of short driving, hiking and kayaking outings, hoping to get around the rain. But we did reserve a boat tour on the one day forecast to be sunny.waterton  040

waterton  041The next day we visited the Bison Paddock Loop Road, a protected part of the prairie where a small herd of buffalo roams. The road is open to the public at no charge and goes through open fields.  It’s a pleasant drive as not many people go there, and we drove through twice. We had some quality time by the herd when they were quite close to the road.  It’s sad to think that there were once millions of these majestic animals here and they are now endangered.waterton  043

waterton  022The driving outings were easy, as there are only two very short roads that run across the park, the Red Rock Parkway and the Akamina Parkway. But both have lots to see along the way: waterfalls, cascades, canyons, mountains, meadows and lakes.waterton  025waterton  023waterton  021waterton  020waterton  014waterton  112

Looks like a guy in a bear suit!

Handsome fellow

On our second evening, we spotted another black bear, this time really close by. This one seemed to be searching for something as he stood up several times to look around. And he/she was quite handsome.waterton  008

waterton  010waterton  006waterton  009waterton  035waterton  031waterton  032At the end of the Akamina Parkway we discovered Cameron Lake, another beautiful glacial lake. There is a trail around the lake and canoes for rent. It is located in grizzly bear habitat, and the mountain meadow at the other end of the lake is known for grizzly sightings.waterton  034waterton  058

This lake looked like a perfect place to paddle, and there was easy access to put in the kayaks.  So on a cool and cloudy, but not rainy, afternoon, we kayaked on Cameron Lake. As we set out, the last canoe was returning from the other end of the lake as the canoe rental outfit was about to close.

waterton  059I usually don’t go kayaking in this waterton  060type of weather so I was pretty bundled up (yes, I am a wimp).   There were a few people on the shore and, to my dismay, Hector asked a woman on the dock holding a baby to take a photo of us. And she put the baby down on the dock and took one. I almost had a heart attack – this is glacial water! But she took a nice photo.waterton  061

As we set out we had the lake to ourselves. We paddled across the lake to the mountains to look for the grizzly bears.   No luck.   But we saw an osprey and some cute ducks – common mergansers.waterton  066


waterton  063Although Cameron Lake is known for high winds, it was calm and the water was like glass that evening.

Because of the clouds, the sunset was very subtle. It was a peaceful, quiet and soft evening. Another fabulous paddle.waterton  062

waterton  068waterton  064waterton  065waterton  071waterton  115waterton  118A drive on the other road, Red Canyon Parkway led to the Red Canyon Loop, a 20-minute walk on a paved walkway around the top of a canyon. An afternoon outing with Angel included the loop. The rocks in the canyon have an incredibly red color, like nothing I have ever seen in nature, VERY bright red. And they beautifully contrast with the blue of the water.

A couple of paths lead down to the river for close-up views.  The loop is normally quite crowded, but on this cloudy afternoon, it was pretty quiet and we took our time looking at all the different features of the canyon.waterton  116

waterton  117waterton  073waterton  074Then it was time for our boat tour. The boat, the M. V. International, built in 1927, leaves from Upper Waterton Lake, the deepest lake in the Canadian Rockies, and sails across the Canadian border to Goat Haunt, Montana. Behind us was another spectacular view of the Prince of Wales Hotel sitting on a bluff.waterton  072

waterton  078waterton  075We were on the first boat of the day, and so the U.S. customs agents were on the boat with us. Hector was joking about the fact that these guys got such a cushy assignment. They go out on a beautiful boat cruise in the morning, hang out by the lake shore and return on another beautiful boat cruise. Somebody has to do it.

There was some intense scenery along the way; cliffs, waterfalls, and mountain streams, although no wildlife. Crossing the border on the lake was very cool. On one side there were two prominent stone markers, one had “International Boundary” etched on it, the other had “Treaty of 1808”.

waterton  079The treaty states that the boundary needs to be visible, hence the obelisks, and, on the opposite side, a single stone marker and as far as the eye can see a 20-foot wide swath of cleared vegetation.  There are stone obelisks set on top of each ridge line as well.  waterton  081

waterton  080waterton  083We reached Goat Haunt, a place you can only get to on this boat or by hiking.  A small but fascinating interpretive center provides information about international peace parks and the wildlife in the area. And a huge fireplace area, is apparently an “amenity” for the few staff that live out here in summer, as well as visitors. But this is a really remote place.

We planned a five-mile hike to Kootenai Lakes that we read was a good area to encounter moose.

People who take the boat tour up and back don’t need passports, but those who hike do.waterton  082

waterton  084So we went to the little customs area “shack” to hand our passports to those poor souls who have this assignment. Hector was teasing the younger guy about their cushy assignment asking if they had to be extra good to have it.waterton  086waterton  085waterton  087

Easiest border crossing ever – you hand over your passport and write your name, passport number, and one other thing (I forgot what) on a notebook.   The agent made a comment about one of us being from Cuba and the other from Puerto Rico as in how did we get together. And Hector said “Miami, the capital of Latin America”.waterton  088

Then we hiked on yet another trail in grizzly bear habitat without bear spray. And not long after we started we spotted a big pile of bear poop on the trail. Ugh. I was having a very loud conversation with Hector along the way in order not to surprise any bears.waterton  090waterton  100

We crossed some backpackers that were returning from the lake who hadn’t seen the bear but mentioned they’d seen a moose on the previous night. Yes!

It was a beautiful forested trail, with lots of lichen, mushrooms, and birds and butterflies (and mosquitoes). Along the trail we saw several rather large bear prints in the mud.  Hmmm.waterton  099waterton  091

waterton  092waterton  096waterton  095And the trail ended at a lovely lake, where we had our picnic lunch. No moose though, but no bear either. The only wildlife we saw on the lake was one swan.   And we had to turn around pretty quickly to catch the 2:45 boat back to Waterton.waterton  097

waterton  094waterton  093On our return trip, we met a couple who hiked from Waterton Townsite (a seven mile hike) and were attacked by a mountain lion. They’d come around a corner and startled the lion who then chased them. Somehow between their yelling and shaking their walking sticks at him, he left. But they were pretty shaken up.  Time to buy bear spray.waterton  098

The boat tour guide shared some fun and interesting facts about the town, the mountains, the wildlife (they once saw a mountain goat swimming and have a photo!), and the boat itself.waterton  103

The U.S. wanted to have the boat registered in the U.S. and in order to do so it had to be built here. But Goat Haunt being such a remote place, they had to ship boat parts from Waterton and build it by hand. And today, they still use the original boathouse in Goat Haunt to store it for the winter.waterton  104waterton  102

waterton  101waterton  106This area in general and Upper Waterton Lake in particular is known for high winds. Apparently while the Prince of Wales Hotel was being built it was blown off its foundation by the extremely high winds. It was put back and straightened only to be blown off its foundation a second time.waterton  105

waterton  107The second time they pulled it back on the foundation but it was too far along to straighten the structure. So they say that nothing is level and nothing is plumb at the hotel.waterton  109

When we returned, I decided I wanted to have afternoon tea at the Prince of Wales Hotel. Many hotels in these Canadian National Parks offer afternoon tea, and I’d been wanting to go to one. Hector, however, doesn’t like tea. But he went along, good guy that he is.waterton  108

So we drove home to walk Angel and freshen up and returned to the hotel.waterton  110

Afternoon tea was lovely with lots of yummy mini sandwiches, scones, shortbread cookies, tarts, jam, butter and clotted cream and a fabulous view of the lake. Hector was pleasantly surprised.

The view from the Prince of Wales

The view from the Prince of Wales

Sitting at the Prince of Wales Hotel looking out at the beautiful lake and breathtaking scenery was the perfect last day of our awesome summer in Canada.

~ Brendawaterton  033




25 thoughts on “An International Peace Park

  1. Beautiful and I could feel how serene the area must have been. Beautiful pictures. lovely descriptions! Sign me up for the next tour!!! Thanks!

  2. That scenery is stunning and beautifully depicted by Hectors photography. Yep, time to buy some bear spray. When will you be in Colorado? We’re in Westminster until the 22nd and then moving to Chatfield SP until the 28th when we head south.

    • Thanks! We’ll be in Denver as of the 17th, will definitely have to get together! I’ll send you a private message.

    • You’re funny. I’m out of adjectives to describe the places, let me know if you find some new ones 🙂 It was an incredible summer.

  3. Glad you had a sunny day for the boat ride to Goat Haunt. You need at least one nice day to see the lake and hotel in all their glory. By the way that little white flower in the first photo of the fungus is called Foam Flower. This was our first teaching lesson on the guided hike we took while there:)

    • Yes, we were lucky the forecast was right that time! We would have loved to do the international hike, sounds very interesting, and we’d love to learn more about the plants. I’m going to catch up on reading blogs now that we have consistent internet, curious about your adventures:)

  4. Wow… each blog is majestically captivating in word and image! Thank you for sharing this journey with us. Blessings!

  5. The photos are amazing. But they would be enhanced by a nice red can of bear spray! Kidding aside, we have lived and hiked in Alaska for many years and I won’t hike in bear country without it. We even had to use it once. You can take it across the border if it is marked as bear spray (as opposed to regular pepper spray).

    • Thank you and welcome to our blog! And thanks for the advice, we did buy some bear spray. But we were under the impression that it might be confiscated at the border. So thanks for the information, we’re going to Alaska next summer, and it does say bear spray.

  6. Stunning and reminiscent… Thank you.

    We’ve been talking about you three and Island Girl with this uncharacteristically early cold… You must be in the midst of it! UGH. Denver will be near 80 again Sunday, and projections are for warm, sunny dry days all next week! Godspeed!

    • We’ve actually been pretty fortunate, just a few cold nights and days in the 50’s. Although last night temp went down to 16, and in the 20’s today here in Grand Teton National Park, but it’s supposed to warm to 60’s and 70’s. I’ve heard about Denver’s cold spell, crazy!

  7. Breathtaking is a word that always comes to mind when I look at Hector’s photography. You have taken us on such a beautiful tour through Canada. Between you two and Pam and John, our Canadian itinerary is pretty much set.

    We learned to hike with bear spray while living in Yellowstone. Not sure I could hike in grizzly country without anymore.

    I understand you two will be in the Denver area soon. We will be there on the 18th. Any chance of meeting you two?

    • Thank you, thank you. We’re huge fans of Canada, and will spend a bit more time there next summer and fall on the way to and from Alaska. We now have our bear spray, hope we don’t have to use it.

      We’d LOVE to meet you, will send you a private message.


      • Glad to hear you will be hiking with bear spray. We saw enough grizzly and black bear the two years we were in Yellowstone and knew several people who had been attacked by bear so now we won’t hike in bear country without it.

        Look forward to meeting you both.

  8. What a gorgeous recount of your last stop in Canada. I learn so much from you guys! I didn’t know about peace parks either. Very cool. And I sure love the photos and stories about the wildlife you saw. The landscapes are simply breathtaking. Thank you for sharing as always. Hugs!

    • These were some of the best black bear sightings – the young bear that kept standing up was quite entertaining. It truly was a beautiful place, glad you enjoyed.

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